Material issues, risks and
opportunities

Framework and model

The Group has in place an Enterprise Risk Management framework which is based on a combined assurance model comprising: management, external auditor and internal audit. This model and its related activities are structured to ensure that the Group's risks are adequately managed by formulating the Group's strategic imperatives on such.

Identification of risks

Identification of risks is based on:

  • the Group's risk bearing capacity (the capacity to
    absorb losses arising from risks without an immediate threat to the Group's continued existence based on its current business model);
  • risk appetite (the amount and type of risk the Group is willing to accept in pursuit of its business objectives); and
  • risk tolerance (the acceptable levels of variation
    relative to the achievement of the Group's objectives).

Quantification of risks

Certain financial measures form the basis on which
these risks are quantified.

Categorisation of risks

Identified risks are categorised according to:

  • inherent risk (a function of their potential impact and probability); and
  • residual risk (based on the effectiveness of mitigating
    controls or responses to address the inherent risk).

The identified risks are encompassed in the following risk categories:

  • supply chain disruptions;
  • IT infrastructure and network vulnerability;
  • loss of quality earnings/revenue/profitability/future growth;
  • talent attraction/development/retention;
  • brand identity and corporate image;
  • regulatory compliance;
  • manufacturing related; and
  • COVID-19 occupational health and safety.


Below is a summary of the Group's top risks and/or material issues based on their residual risk ratings. A summary of the strategic imperatives related to each risk is provided.

1. Social unrest impacting operations

Risk description Mitigating controls Strategic imperatives
  • Social unrest in the areas in which the Group operates impacts retail and manufacturing activities.
  • The risk is particularly relevant for Ceramic Industries' factories and TopT retail stores.
  • Impacts safety of Group employees and customers.
  • Business interruption insurance cover in place.
  • The portfolio and marketplace are analysed on an ongoing basis to ensure risk is mitigated and targeted property returns are achieved.
  • The Group has a Social Unrest policy in place primarily focused on the safety of Group employees and customers.
  • Ongoing community engagement and social economic development activities conducted in communities in which we operate.
  • Continuous investment in and management of relationships with communities within which we operate.

2. Network penetration

Risk description Mitigating controls Strategic imperatives
  • External penetration of our networks (including hacking, phishing, etc). Probability intensified due to increased web traffic to webstores which are integrated into SAP, ongoing high profile hacking incidents internationally (related to malware) and increased remote access of our networks by employees working remotely due to COVID-19 measures.
  • Website cloning and rerouting of online payments gateway via webstores and new mobile devices with integrated payment pebble.
  • External penetration of Android-based handheld scanners used in the stores (including hacking, phishing, etc).
  • Increased usage and access points with roll out of new local stores, East Africa stores and webstores.
  • Prevented with use of firewalls, segmentation of network landscape, implementation of secure socket layer certificates to encrypt end-to-end data and antivirus solution with additional patch management controls.
  • Quarterly penetration testing performed by external service providers.
  • Handheld scanners hosted on hidden network with SSL encryption enabled.
  • Cyber insurance in place through reputable provider.
  • Regular updates of passwords with complexity.
  • Multi-factor authentification and mail filtering measures in place.
  • Quarterly review of all network policies and procedures and network and router configurations to assess risks in order to mitigate them.
  • A Protection of Personal Information ("PoPI") compliance project is ongoing to assess areas of risk in order to mitigate them and ensure compliance with the PoPI Act.
  • Heat mapping of internal and external networks, reviewed on a monthly basis with senior management.
  • Cyber security and penetration testing outsourced to third-party service provider.

3. Loss of profitability and/or market share if products do not remain fashionable

Risk description Mitigating controls Strategic imperatives
  • Not remaining fashionable is a major risk and has significant influence on the market share enjoyed by the business.
  • The risk is especially pertinent for age group 35 and below.
  • Customer expectations not satisfied with product offering.
  • Regular regional meetings are held to source insight into markets, receive product feedback and communicate fashion trends, product innovation, merchandise and store improvements, market analysis and opportunities for growth.
  • There are experienced brand/divisional/supply chain managers in the business, who focus on key products and areas.
  • Attendance at international trade fairs.
  • Ongoing cost/pricing adjustments and expansion of distribution channels (eg e-commerce).
  • Store displays and trading space are continually refreshed, and ideas shared across the Group via various mediums (eg operations newsletter).
  • Ongoing 'competitor shopping' undertaken.
  • Inventory provisioning process in stores ensures improved product lifecycles.
  • BOP utilised to improve in-stock levels of business critical items, and management/exit of slow moving inventory.
  • Work with suppliers and leading experts to ensure 'wow' factor of products and merchandising.
  • Use business information tools to train and motivate operators to innovate and pioneer.
  • BOP continues to improve product lifecycles, thereby ensuring constant responsiveness to evolving fashion.
  • Optimal range/pricing structures will remain a priority.
  • The Group's high standing among customers is to be maintained by continuing to deliver an offering in line with customer demand. In this regard, continuous improvement in the approach to product research and development is crucial.

4. Loss of revenue, quality of earnings and growth due to deteriorating macro-economic factors

Risk description Mitigating controls Strategic imperatives
  • The deteriorating economic conditions in South Africa may have an adverse impact on the ability of the Group to generate revenue growth and impact on the quality of earnings.
  • This risk is amplified as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and its significant impact on economic activity across the globe.
  • Continuous close monitoring of circumstances with particular focus on further investments in South Africa.
  • Adjustment of costing and pricing to support weak/price sensitive consumer demand (enabled by integrated supply chain and continuous focus on cost reduction, enabling flexibility on gross margin and pricing).
  • Integrated supply chain allows for consistent stock supply, with in excess of 80% of product procured locally.
  • Opening of new stores.
  • Cash flow forecasts and scenario planning done to take effects of COVID-19 pandemic into account. Measures taken include:
    • Salary cuts implemented across the business for three months.
    • Lease negotiations conducted to improve cash flow.
    • Provident fund contribution holiday for three months.
  • Continuous monitoring of socio-economic developments and its impact on business sustainability and operations.
  • Expansions of distribution channels including increased e-commerce.
  • Expansion of product offering.
  • Expansion of operating presence including East Africa (CTM and manufacturing operations) and under-serviced local markets (TopT).
  • Substitution of imported product with locally produced alternatives (including those manufactured by the Group).
  • Continuous drive of high-performance culture.

5. Staff inadequately trained

Risk description Mitigating controls Strategic imperatives
  • Individuals are not adequately trained/developed, and succession planning may be inadequate.
  • The Group conducts various training courses and operates an established Tiling and Plumbing Academy. Training spend is significant.
  • Divisional management and the executive directors of the Group are closely involved in the operations of the business and regular regional meetings are held, as well as other regular interactions.
  • The business implements career advancement training which comprises its Leadership Development Programme, Operator Training Programme ("OTP") and other university-affiliated courses.
  • Senior management and executive directors partake in executive development programmes run by reputable institutions with relevant expertise.
  • The Group has a culture of developing and promoting from within, and various initiatives and programmes are in place to foster this.
  • Employee engagement surveys are conducted and reviewed by Group management.
  • E-learning platforms are in place with Group and retail-specific content.
  • International expertise is sought for manufacturing where necessary, with key focus being transfer of skills.
  • Instil greater retail-specific focus in training and development programmes; attract and retain key talent through promoting business partnerships; and encourage commitment to business success through development programmes and remuneration and reward strategies.
  • OTP will continue to serve as an important mechanism to build leadership capacity in the Group.
  • Enhanced e-learning initiatives will improve training in outlying and rural areas.
  • Building of additional capacity in the Human Resource department.

6. Interruption of energy supply due to unstable electricity supply and gas shortages

Risk description Mitigating controls Strategic imperatives
  • The supply of gas for the Group's factories (tiles and sanitaryware) is at risk as available gas reserves may be depleted by 2029.
  • Ongoing load shedding and disruption of electricity supply adversely impacts manufacturing operations.
  • The Group is an active participant in the Industrial Gas Users Group ("IGUA-SA") which is advocating for alternative gas supply solutions for the industry.
  • Continuous manufacturing improvements are made to reduce gas and electricity consumption.
  • Load shedding schedules are monitored and production planned accordingly.
  • Solar panels and back-up generators used for alternative energy.
  • A combined heat and power plant project is being explored (currently in feasibility phase).
  • Technological alternatives to convert heating and firing to coal technology are being explored.
  • A project to generate 3 MW from solar power at the Gryphon tile factory is underway.
  • A project to recover heat from the Vitro tile factory kilns to reduce gas consumption in its clay plant is in the implementation phase.